Who wrote the Quran
Muslims believe that the Koran is the Discourse of God and not a book written by Muhammad (pbuh). The above information provides evidence for the preservation of the Qur’an, but what does it suggest was actually the word of God?
1) The historical account document, and the Qur’an openly declares, that Muhammad (pbuh) had no restrictions.
You (O Muhammad) was not a reader of any Scripture before it, or wrote (this Scripture) with your right hand, for then those who follow falsehood might (have a right) to doubt it. [Quran, 29.48]
2) The Qur’an revealed at a time when the Arabs excelled in oral poetry. Poetry competitions like today’s rap competitions held in the market. The recitation of Muhammads (pbuh) surprised his listeners by its beauty in Arabic. Many became simply listening to the deep acoustic rhythms, the literary merit and the wisdom of the verses of the Koran.
In contrast, Arabic 1400 years ago it restricted to words and relevant to the simple life of the desert men expressions and it was impossible to express metaphysical ideas or scientific, religious and philosophical concepts. In fact, the science of Arabic grammar developed after the revelation of the Qur’an, using the Koran as the basis for designing its rules. It is difficult to find an explanation (other than revelation) that explains how a book existed, and also differed greatly from any other Arabic literature. The challenge of the Koran to produce a chapter like his has not been fulfilled until today:
And if you have doubts about what we reveal to Our slave (Muhammad), produce a similar Surah (chapter), and call his witnesses besides Allah if he is sincere. [Quran, 2:23]
3) The Quran is a very complete book that contains divine truths, metaphysical, religious beliefs and worship, prayer, law and morals. It is a book that completely describes the other life, a book of psychology, sociology, epistemology and history, and a book that contains scientific facts and the principles of a utopian life. A testimony of the divine authenticity of the Qur’an is that such a comprehensive book, which revealed over a period of 23 years, has no contradictory points.
Will not they then think of the Koran? If it had been someone who was not God, they would have found in him a lot of contradiction and incongruity. [Quran, 4.82]
4) Could Muhammad (pbuh) have been a liar or have had reasons to invent the Qur’an? The first years of the mission of Muhammad (pbuh) were marked by persecution and pain. His followers were brutally tortured, killed and forced to emigrate. Prophet clan was boycotted and stoned. His enemies even offered him wealth and reign if he abandoned his call to belief in one God. In contrast, the Prophet (pbuh) lived a very austere life and never pursued any worldly gain such as fame, power or wealth. Furthermore, the life of Muhammad (pbuh) was a practical embodiment of the divine message and a study of his life (through the Hadith2) provides an appreciation of this fact. Even before receiving the Prophecy, in his society he was known as Al-Ameen (The Trustworthy) and As-Sadiq (The Truthful). Both Muslim and non-Muslim scholars attest to their honesty and integrity
5) Thus,The Qur’an mentions things that were not known at that time. How can the existence of these verses be explained? The Koran has scientific descriptions newly discovered by modern science and that could not be known 1400 years ago.
Man that we create from a quintessence (of mud); then we place it (like a drop of) sperm in a resting place, firmly fixed; then we transform the sperm into a coagulated blood clot; then from what clot We made a bundle (fetus); Then we made the bones of that bundle and covered them with flesh, then we developed another creature. Blessed be Allah, the best that can be created [Quran, 23: 12-14).
Professor Keith Moore, a leading scientist of anatomy and embryology (University of Toronto, Canada) commented, has been a great pleasure for me to help clarify statements in the Quran about human development. For me it is clear that these statements must have reached Muhammad (pbuh) of God, or ‘Allah’, because almost all this knowledge was not discovered until many centuries later. This shows me that Muhammad (pbuh) must have been a Messenger of Allah.
The Qur’an describes the expansion of the universe:
And we are the ones who have built the univrse with (Our creative power); and in truth, we are the ones who are constantly expanding it. [Quran, 51:47]
It was not until 1925, when Edwin Hubble provided evidence of retreating galaxies, that the expanding universe came to be accepted as a scientific fact.
Professor Alfred Kroner, a world-renowned geologist, explained: Thinking about many of these questions and thinking about where Muhammad (pbuh) came from, he was a Bedouin after all. I think it’s almost impossible that he could have known about things
The Qur’an describes geographical concepts . For example, it was the common dogma 1400 years ago that the earth was flat. But, the Qur’an described it as a sphere, compressed at each end (like an ostrich egg):
And besides, the earth, He has made an egg shape4 [Quran 79:30].
In 1597, when Sir Francis Drake sailed around the world, it known that the Earth has a sphere shape.
What can explain the origin of the Quran?
The life and character of the Prophet (as), the depth of the Qur’anic message, its appeal and relevance to both the spiritual and the mundane, all testify to the divine origin of the Qur’an. So,These points force us to admit our inability to provide an explanation based solely on material causes. So,In a world hungry for love and compassion, the universal message of the Korans is the perfect antidote to the collective despair of the human condition.