The Quran is the sacred book that Muslims recite and turn to guidance in all aspects of their lives.
It is the last testament in a series of divine revelations of God. It comprises the unaltered and direct words of God, revealed through the Angel Gibrael, to the final Prophet, Muhammad (pbuh) about 1400 years ago. Islam is a continuation of the teachings of previous prophets such as Noah, Abraham, David, Moses and Jesus (peace be upon all), some of whom also received divine books. Muslims believe that the key message that all the prophets brought was the same; believe in One God and not associate with Him, stay away from sins and lead a dedicated life to earn the pleasure of God. All the prophets taught about life after death and gave good news from paradise to those who obey God, but warned about punishment in hell for those who choose to disobey Him.
Muslims believe that the key message that all the prophets brought was the same; believe in One God and not associate with Him, stay away from sins and lead a dedicated life to earn the pleasure of God. All the prophets taught about life after death and gave good news from paradise to those who obey God, but warned about punishment in hell for those who choose to disobey Him.
The Qur’an is unique book . Because it is the only holy book that exists today in the precise form and content in which at the time when it revel. In addition, it actively registered during the time when religion established. So,The distinctive approach of the Qur’an is that its spiritual message includes practical instructions aimed at the general welfare of human beings, society and the environment in which we live.
The message of the Qur’an is eternal and universal, and transcends our differences in race, color, ethnicity and nationality. Thus, It provides guidance on all aspects of human life, from economics and business ethics to marriage, divorce, gender issues, inheritance and parenting. So,It does not condemn or torture the flesh or neglect the soul. It does not humanize God, nor deify man. The Qur’an describes the signs of God’s existence in the universe and how everything carefully placed in the total scheme of creation.
“Everything made a lot of sense. This is the beauty of the Koran; he asks you for reflections and reasons … When I read the Qur’an more, I spoke about prayer, kindness and charity. I was not yet a Muslim, but I felt that the only answer for me was the Koran and God had sent it to me. “
Cat Stevens (Yusuf Islam), former British pop star.
This booklet examines two common questions asked by those who seek to understand the origin and authorship of the Koran.
1) What evidence supports the affirmation of authenticity of the Korans, that is to say, that has not been interfered with?
2) Even if the Qur’an has been preserved, what evidence does it support that is the Word of God and not simply the writings of Muhammads (as)?
Preservation of the Quran
The Qur’an has been preserved for more than 1400 years through memorisations and parallel writings.
“Without a doubt, we have sent the Message; and we will surely protect it (from corruption). “[Qur’an 15: 9]
Thus,The Koran is the only book that has been memorized in its entirety by millions. The process of memorization began during the life of the Prophets (pbuh) and Muslims continue to emphasize it, even to this day. The use of memorization in oral transmission through generations has mitigated a little from the start the worst dangers of relying solely on written records, related John Burton. [John Burton, Introduction to Hadith, Edinburgh University Press; 1994, p27].
Muhammad (pbuh) was also very attentive to the preservation of the entire Qur’an in written form. The Prophet (pbuh) could not read or write, so as soon as a part of the Qur’an revealed, he called his scribes to record the revealed text. The Prophet (pbuh) specified the part of the Qur’an to which the revelation belonged and had the comrades read what was written to ensure that it corresponded exactly to what was revealed. Thus, the entire Qur’an was not only memorized by the Prophet (s) and many of his companions, but also existed in written form during his life.
A year after the death of the Prophets (pbuh), a committee headed by the chief scribe of the Prophet (pbuh) put together a manuscript of the entire Qur’an, which followed the strict criteria to guard against any error. The manuscript unanimously approved by the companions of the Prophet (pbuh), including the hundreds who had memorized the entire Qur’an. Several replicas of the manuscript prepared under the leadership of the third caliph and distributed to the main Muslim centers. One such copy is currently in the museum in Tashkent in antiquity (Soviet Union) and its fax. It produced in 1905, is available in the Library of Columbia University (USA).