Whoever wants to learn a science needs to know its principles so that it can better understand the science sought. There are several principles in the science of tajweed that should be understood:
1. Its definition.
By linguistic definition: improvement.
Definition applied: articulate each letter from its point of articulation and grant the letter its rights and quotas of characteristics. The rights of the letters are its required characteristics that never leave it. The quotas of the letters are their presented characteristics that are present in some of the times, and they are not present in other occasions. that is, the medd, idgham
2. Your training.
The words of the Glorious Qur’an and some also mentioned the Honorable Hadiths.
3. its fruits
It is to preserve the language of errors in the pronunciation of the Glorious Qur’an during reading.
4. YOUR PRECEDENCE
It is one of the most honest sciences and one of the best because of its relation to the words of Allah.
5. HIS PLACE WITHIN THE SCIENCES.
It is one of the Islamic Law sciences related to the glorious Qur’an.
6. YOUR FOUNDER
The creator of rules from the practical point of view is the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) because the Qur’an was revealed to him from Allah, the Most High, with tajweed, and he received instructions from him from the Trustee, Jibreel, peace. to be with him, and to show it to his companions, who then taught it to his followers and so on until he came to us through these chains. Those who establish the rules from the scientific point of view are the scholars of the Quranic sciences, such as Abu ‘Ubaid Al-Qasim bin Sallaam.
7. YOUR PRECEPT
The knowledge of tajweed is fardh kifayaah, which means that part of the Muslim community must know it, and its application is fardh ‘ain, required by all Muslims (men and women) who have the whole Qur’an or part of it memorized, although just be a sura.
8. REASONS FOR YOUR RULES
Keeping the glorious Qur’an and preserving it from distortion. Arabs mingled with non-Arabs after the spread of Islam, and Muslims feared that the Arabic language would be corrupted by this mixture. Then it became obligatory that the rules would be discarded that would preserve the recitation of the Qur’an from errors and guarantee the reader the integrity of the pronunciation of the Qur’an.
9. Its principles.
The knowledge of tajweed is subject to four issues:
- Knowledge of the points of articulation of the letters.
- Knowledge of the characteristics of the letters.
- Knowledge of which rules change in the letters due to the order of the letters.
- Exercise the tongue and much repetition.